Male Pattern Baldness/Hair Loss (Androgenetic Alopecia) Pictures
This man is experiencing androgenetic alopecia. It typically affects the front of the hairline as well as the top or vertex of the scalp. It is caused by excessive amounts of DHT which bind to hair follicles and tell them to miniaturize. It is usually treated with topical minoxidil, oral finasteride, or both.
Female Pattern Hair Loss (FPHL) Pictures
Female pattern hair loss is more complicated than male pattern hair loss and is thought to have a number of causes. It has a characteristic “Christmas Tree” distribution initially that starts at the parted hair line. FPHL affects approximately 19% of the female population and appears to occur less often in Asians than in Caucasians.
Another interesting fact about FPHL is that it affects different age groups differently. 3% of women with FPHL are aged 20-29 whereas 29% are between 70 and 89.
FPHL is thought to be due to hormones. Approximately 39% of females with FPHL have hyperandrogenism (too much T and DHT) which is known to cause hair loss in men as well.
What about the other 61%? Some women are genetically predisposed to FPH. However going back to the age distribution of FPHL there appears to be a pattern of hair loss getting worse in older women. One thing to keep in mind in terms of hormones is that women also go through menopause whereby they stop producing the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen has many benefits for skin including thickening the skin. Hormone replacement Therapy (HRT) is known to help support hair growth. There are risks and benefits to HRT that you should discuss with your doctor if you are interested in it.
Could Estrogen play a more important role in hair loss than it is currently thought to? It is interesting to note that FPHL occurs less often in Asians than in Caucasians. One of the key differences between Western and Eastern populations is diet. Asians tend to eat more soy. One study of Taiwanese men found that men who ate more soy products tended to have a lower incidence of dietary soy. Indeed, hair loss is very complex problems with many different causes and variables.
For menopausal women experiencing hair loss we recommend trying DrFormulas Menopause Support which has a number of phytoestrogenic ingredients like soy that may support hair growth.
Hair Loss Conditions That Affect Both Men and Women
Alopecia totalis is a condition in which a person loses all of their hair.
Alopecia areata is a condition in which a person loses patches of hair all over their scalp.
Telogen effluvium is a condition in which a person undergoes a stressful life event and sheds more hair than they do normally.